How to , and other stuff about linux, photo, php … A linux, photography blog. To remember some linux situation, and fix them quickly.

January 30, 2020

How to Install PHP-FPM with Apache on Ubuntu 18.04

Filed under: Linux — Tags: , — admin @ 3:33 pm

Common module for php are

apt install php7.1-fpm php7.1-common php7.1-mysql php7.1-xml php7.1-xmlrpc php7.1-curl php7.1-gd php7.1-imagick php7.1-cli php7.1-dev php7.1-imap php7.1-mbstring php7.1-soap php7.1-zip php7.1-bcmath -y

To install apache

apt install apache2

Enable mod proxy

sudo a2enmod proxy_fcgi

A virtual host example

<VirtualHost *:80>
     ServerName External_IP_Address
     DocumentRoot /var/www/html

     <Directory /var/www/html>
          Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
         AllowOverride All
         Require all granted
     </Directory>

     <FilesMatch ".php$"> 
         SetHandler "proxy:unix:/var/run/php/php7.1-fpm.sock|fcgi://localhost/"          
      </FilesMatch>
 
      ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log
      CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined  
</VirtualHost> 

August 29, 2019

Bind mount

Filed under: Linux — Tags: , , , — admin @ 1:34 pm
I note this for me . I need to see a log directory on the account over scp. So one soulution for me was to mount with bind the log directory.

mount --bind /some/where /mnt/readonly
mount -o remount,ro,bind /mnt/readonly

August 19, 2019

Docker COPY failed: stat

Filed under: Linux — Tags: , — admin @ 12:30 pm

Today I am trying to use docker and saw this problem

COPY failed: stat /var/lib/docker/tmp/docker-builder749895154/docker-directory/apache/project.conf: no such file or directory

The fix for this problem is to check your .gitignore file , and add a exception for that directory

!docker-directory/

February 12, 2019

Docker Command-line completion

Filed under: Linux — Tags: , — admin @ 1:51 pm

Today installed centos7 and then docker . Wanted to run something but docker TAB didn’t work to autocomplete.

The solution is to install the bash-completion

yum -y install bash-completion

February 5, 2019

How to exclude subfolder from password protection with .htaccess

Filed under: Linux — Tags: , , , , , — admin @ 1:38 pm

So if you want to protect a website with .htaccess and .htpasswd basically you will use

AuthType Basic
AuthName “Password Protected Area”
AuthUserFile /path/.htpasswd
Require valid-user

If you want a subdirectory to be excluded from auth like .well-known , for lets encrypt then a easy way it to create a .htaccess on .well-known directory and place in it

Satisfy any

Other version is to insert into vhosts

<Location /.well-known>
    Require all granted
</Location>

Another one is to add

SetEnvIf Request_URI “path/to/excluded/directory/” allow
SetEnvIf Request_URI “path/to/excluded/file” allow
Order allow,deny
Allow from env=allow
Satisfy any

And anothe one is to add

Require expr %{REQUEST_URI} =~ m#^/.well-known/acme-challenge/#

Before require valid user

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